16 Jul 2012
The Dalmatian is a breed of dog widely associated with Dalmatia, a historical region of Croatia although the exact origins remain unknown. It is noted for its white coat with either black or liver spots.The FCI recognized as its country of origin the region of Dalmatia in the Republic of Croatia, citing Bewick’s 1792 work.Previously, Yugoslavia was considered by the F.C.I. to have been the original home of the Dalmatian, the breed had been developed and cultivated chiefly in England. When the dog with the distinctive markings was first shown in England in 1862 it was said to have been used by the frontier guards of Dalmatia as a guard dog. But nothing is definitely known about its origin. The breed has become widely distributed over the continent of Europe since 1920. Its unusual markings were often mentioned by the old writers on cynology.The duties of this ancient breed are as varied as their reputed ancestors. They were used as dogs of war, guarding the borders of Dalmatia. To this day, the breed retains a high guarding instinct; although friendly and loyal to those the dog knows and trusts, it is often aloof with strangers and unknown dogs. Dalmatians have a strong hunting instinct and are an excellent exterminator of rats and vermin. In sporting, they have been used as bird dogs, trail hounds, retrievers, or in packs for boar or stag hunting. Their dramatic markings and intelligence have made them successful circus dogs throughout the years. Dalmatians are perhaps best known for their role as a fire-apparatus follower and as a firehouse mascot.However, the Dalmatian’s most important task has been his role as a coach or carriage dog, so called because they were formerly used to run in attendance of a coach. To this day, Dalmatians retain a strong affinity for horses, often naturally falling in behind a horse and cart in perfect position. The strong-bodied, clean-cut and athletic build of the Dalmatians reflects their years as a coach dog, although they are rarely used in this capacity today. Their physical make-up is still ideally suited to road work. Like its ancestors, the modern Dalmatian is an energetic dog, with unlimited energy and stamina. O pêlo branco e as inúmeras manchas pretas (ou castanhas) fazem do Dálmata um cão incomparável, de uma enorme originalidade e singularidade.O fato de ter maior ou menor número de manchas não tem qualquer relevância, desde que não estejam juntas. As orelhas são predominantemente pretas e o focinho branco. A cauda apresenta com frequência um movimento em arco e, embora mais raramente, algumas manchas pequenas. O seu aspecto nobre e esbelto torna o Dálmata um cão muito elegante.A pelagem desta espécie é curta, dura, densa, fina, lisa e brilhante, mas os elementos mais importantes são dados pela cor (sempre branca) e pelas manchas (que podem ser de cor castanha ou pretas).A sua origem é bastante remota é uma raça bastante antiga e esse é um dos fatores que a tornam um pouco confundível atribuindo-lhe vários países de origem mas parece ser a Dalmácia na Croácia a sua origem mais certa. O dálmata era e é um cão bastante vistoso atribuindo-lhe um estatuto de cão preferido pela nobreza e era utilizado para acompanhar as carruagens para as proteger de supostos ataques. É um cão que se dá bastante bem com cavalos, já que estes fazem também um pouco parte dos seus primeiros desenvolvimentos como raça.
Duration : 0:4:15